Pilot vs Aviator
It has been said that the difference between a pilot and an aviator is the ability to fly by instrument. Multi-tasking aircraft control, radio navigation and radio communications is an art form. Exotic avionics and autopilots will not compensate for poor flying skills or being unprepared to fly into IFR conditions. These skills must come as a natural mastered response to your flying conditions.
A VFR pilot caught in IFR conditions has displayed overconfidence and optimistic assumptions and has overlooked some obvious hazards.
A well trained IFR pilot will rely on the procedures and techniques taught in instrument training to fly with confidence knowing that emergencies and unusual situations can be handled without compromising basic flying tasks or flight safety.
50 hours of cross country flight time as pilot in command, of which 10 hours must be in an airplane.
40 hours in actual or simulated instrument time of which 15 hours must have been received from an authorized instructor who holds an instrument-airplane and instrument time includes:
Three hours of instrument training from an authorized instructor in an airplane that is appropriate to the instrument-airplane rating within 2 calendar months before the date of the practical test.
Planning a 250 nm cross-country trip under IFR, filing the trip and using airways or direct routing from air traffic control facility, approached at each airport and three different kinds of approaches.
Part 61.65 Requirements
The student must hold at least a current private pilot certificate in an airplane appropriate to the instrument rating sought.
Receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor or home study course of training on of aeronautical training.
Receive a log book or training endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the person is prepared to take the written knowledge test for instrument.
Receive and log training in the areas of operations from an authorized instructor in an aircraft device or simulator.
Receive a log book or training record endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the person is prepared to take the required practical test.